Glorious, Troubled, Revived: Five cities in Europe where History was made

Glorious, Troubled, Revived: Five cities in Europe where History was made

Every Europe travel list is full of the very usual spots popular among tourists, like, forever.

I have a different list and I want to share them with you. What makes them interesting is history, and a certain degree of anonymity. Only Rome in this list is popular, in comparison to the rest. People, places, and journeys are enchanting. Add a dash of history and it adds a certain richness to them. History matters. It shows us where we come from and where we are headed. It offers valuable lessons. Europe has plenty of it and I start with where I live – Belfast.

Belfast, Northern Ireland:
Northern Ireland’s capital city has a history of conflict in the 1990s, but the present day Belfast offers more than its violent past. It is home to the RMS Titanic, the ship that sank over a century ago. Today, the docks where the ship was built, and the dock itself have been preserved and turned into a striking visitor attraction, all within the Harland and Wolff shipyard where it was put together. Also unmissable is a taxi tour to get an understanding of Belfast’s troubled history and see the dozens of murals along residential streets. The, the most bombed hotel in history, has since hosted guests such as Bill and Hillary Clinton, and is still a cool place where important deals and shiny rockstars hang out. Once you are in Belfast, you would not want to miss the numerous day trips in and around scenic Northern Ireland, now
famous for the Game of Thrones locations and its iconic drives along the Coastal route. But once the popular tourist hangouts are done, you might want to head to the eerily quiet Sperrin mountains where you can make out the haze of the Milky Way with the naked eye, and if weather is kind, even catch the Northern Lights. Next door in Davagh forest and the OM Dark Sky Observatory where the ‘OM’ in the title refers to Hinduism’s sacred syllable, or ‘the sound of the universe.’ Nobel winning Irish poet Seamus Heaney Estate is another beautifully produced arts and literary centre in the village of Bellaghy next door where the poet grew up.

Genoa, Italy
Genoa was once a grand maritime republic, a trading hub, and a leader in the global chocolate business. But all of this still exists and that is why it is safe to say that in Genoa, history comes alive. Be it the Viganotti family’s handcrafted chocolates in 1866 whose original praline recipes are still being followed by the Boccardo family, takeaways selling farinata crepes whose recipe has not changed in centuries, or its medieval alleyways are as much an identity of the place today as they were in the past. Genoa also shares with Naples its prime Mediterranean position, inviting visitors from Charles Dickens to Mark Twain. Poet Percy Bysshe Shelley lived next door. In the docks in Porto Antico, Christopher Columbus first got a taste for seafaring. Europe’s largest medieval city centre existed here and very much thrives with modern additions.

Rome Centro Storico, Italy
You would visit Rome for the cobbled alleyways, Renaissance palaces, ancient ruins, and baroque piazzas, all in its historic centre. Its streets glitter with boutiques, cafes, trattorias and stylish bars and its star attractions are the Pantheon and Piazza Navona. But beyond these, Centro Storico also has numerous monuments, museums, and churches to offer, housing historic works by artistic greats such as Michelangelo, Caravaggio, Bernini et al. At the heart of Rome’s famous neighbourhood, however, is its most famous historical figure, Italian neoclassical sculptor Antonio Canova, and his star pupil Adamo Tadolini, a detail many tourists miss except for the historically curious. In the 17th and 18th centuries, Canova was
the most celebrated artist in Europe with patrons from across Europe including Napoleon and his family. His studio where they both are said to have worked is here. It belonged to Tadolini’s family until 1967, when it became a cafe, an obscure detail in the city more famous for Babuino, a stone’s throw away from the workshop. Babuino, a fountain of a reclining Roman named Silenus, is often referred to as the ‘Twitter of the mediaeval age.’ Romans would fix anonymous notes scandalising each other onto Babuino. Then, there is the Keats-Shelley House, a museum devoted to the Romantic poets, and the place where Keats died aged 25 in 1821, and the Doria Pamphilj Gallery, a highly intimate place which is still owned by the family who first began assembling the collection 500 years ago.

Leuven, Belgium
Beyond the lure of Florence, London, and Prague, the popular tourist spots attracting tourists for their planetaria, astronomical clocks, and halls of learning, Leuven in Belgium offers facts of little-known facts of scientific thought worth mulling over. Leuven is a university town in Belgium where Father Georges Lemaître, a little-known Belgian Catholic priest, conceived the Big Bang theory in 1931. Lemaître at the time called his concept “the day without yesterday.” His phenomenal influence as the “Father of the Big Bang” is belated but finally being recognised. One of the events celebrating his contribution is the Big Bang festival held in January 2022 for the first time. Leuven is now displaying rarely seen archival material from the scholar’s life in exhibitions and events at venues such as the M Leuven museum. The library at KU Leuven is also one of the oldest in Europe, founded in 1425. Lemaître’s low key presence can now be traced in public installations such as the bronze bust in the courtyard of the College van Premonstreit. Housed within the 600-year-old KU Leuven, another spot that is of historical interest is Lemaître’s living and working quarters in Heilige-Geestcollege (Holy Ghost College). In 1958, this was the place where Lemaître’s attic housed one of Belgium’s first computers for computational calculations by the scientist.

Nimes, France:
History is screaming from everywhere you see in the southern French city of Nimes with its Mediterranean feel and roman relics and ruins. Alongside its history and textile heritage is also a thriving cafe culture in this part of France, popularly called ‘the French Rome.’ Part of the epithet derives from many architectural delights, the most significant one being the 24,000-seat Roman Amphitheatre of Nîmes, which historically served as an arena where animals, slaves and soldiers would wait before their battles. From here, you can look at the seven hills that surround Nimes, another thing that reminds you of Rome. Next to the arena is the Musée de la Romanité, which exhibits the Roman life with millennia-old artefacts, and Musée des Cultures Taurines, home to a collection of bull-fighting artefacts and the biannual Feria de Nîmes, a Spanish-style bullfighting event held in Nimes officially since 1952. The city
was home of wealthy textile merchants who built several of the city’s most elegant buildings. Notable among them is Hôtel de Bernis, with its 15th-century gothic facade and 17th-century arched courtyard, and the 17th-century Hôtel de Fontfroide with its pink courtyard and ornate balustrades. Nimes is also home to Denim, or originally, de Nîmes, the cloth that made its textile merchants rich! Today, Ateliers de Nîmes continues the Nîmes’ tradition of creating
denim. Nîmes is also popular for the first public gardens from the 18th century, Roman water reservoirs, temples and aqueducts. Pont du Gard for instance is an extraordinary, 2,000-year-old engineering project. The three-tier aqueduct is half an hour from Nîmes, and a place worth visiting for its magnificent arch across river Gard.

Hope you consider visiting at least one of these on your next Europe tour. If in Belfast, give me a holler. Safe travels.

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